As we already know this is not a new thing that a virus has been threatening our existence all over the world. This virus has made nations gone into panicking and fears to the extent of lockdowns and isolations.
This virus called the COVID-19 that emerged from Wuhan, China has taken its joy in spreading all around the world and has turned into a global pandemic. With many lives affected and threatened, many organizations have been on their toes to overcome this worldwide crisis.
WHAT SHOULD WE KNOW ABOUT THIS VIRUS?
The Virus called COVID-19 is a virus that has never been recorded in the human history. It is a new strain of virus that has just surface in the world. It is said to be one of the families of the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) diseases with it being SARS-COV-2. It is one of the corona viruses which have been seen in animals mostly. The natural host has been identified as bats while the MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) which is transferred to man from camels, SARS-COV-1 is reportedly transferred from civet cats to human.
STATISTICS OF THIS VIRUS
Ever since its announcement in January 2020, over 750,000 cases has been reported over the globe with up to 30,000 deaths and 100,000 recoveries. The virus has been curbed in China with a lockdown of over 50 days while it has started its manifestation in other countries with every nation trying their best to reduce the spread. The US, Italy and Spain are the countries recording high number of viruses by the day and we do hope to see a decline as nations are working tirelessly to overcome it.
SURVIVAL AND MORTALITY RATE
Unlike the Seasonal Influenza, it has a mortality rate of 20-30 people in a thousand infected. Since it’s a new virus, no one has a vaccine against it so everyone is prone to it as it even spreads faster than the seasonal influenza
MODE OF TRANSMISSION
The virus is said to be spread through respiratory droplets of sneeze, cough or exhale of infected person and a carrier can infected two or more people. The virus can also be introduced to the body by touching eyes, nose or mouth with infected hands or objects. The virus can survive few hours on surfaces such as table, door handles and hand rails. Its incubation period is said to be between 2-14 days of contraction.
- Dry Cough
- Shortness of breathe
- Loss of energy
- Muscle pain
Serious cases can leads to sepsis, septic shock, severe pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome which can lead to death.
RISK OF INFECTION
Elderly people, people suffering from cardiovascular, respiratory, hypertension, diabetes and cancer are at higher risk to chronic infections. Children have rare and mild infections. Statistics from China showed that only 2% of children less than 18 years were infected. Pregnant women have not shown any different reaction to the virus, it cannot be said maybe it will transferred to fetus so it is advised that they follow measures just like others.
TESTING FOR THE VIRUS
Testing for the virus varied from each country due to the availability or capacity of testing kits. Some countries has adapted the act of testing overseas returnees, people with low immune system, hospitalized patients, people with liver diseases, respiratory diseases and elderly first. Some has based on tracking down on people who have come in contact with an infected person.
This virus currently has no vaccine or cure so the best to do now is to curb the spread by staying at home and reporting to necessary authorities when one notices any of the said symptoms. The health workers are working on treating the physical symptoms by giving fever reducing drugs, oxygen therapy and all. Although nations are working tirelessly in developing a vaccine, it may take up to months or years because of various testing for efficacy and safety, also for widely use of drugs.
- wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds with soap and water or alcohol based hand rub
- Avoid touching your face with unwashed hands
- Cover your mouth and nose with tissues or flex your elbow when sneezing or coughing
- Avoid contacts with sick people or with people when sick
- Self – isolate or stay home to avoid contraction and if you feel unwell
- You can put on gloves and face masks when going out to avoid contacts and dispose immediately upon reaching home.